Abstract

Allama Muhammad Iqbal, the national poet of Pakistan, remains influential in engendering the socio-cultural and political discourses of a meritorious Muslim society. Qur'anic wisdom and prudence played a momentous role in the construction of Iqbal’s imagination of an ideal self and community. Iqbal’s poetry intertwined with Qur'an through intertextual references dominates the production of meaning in his versification. Consequently, many consider him the poet of the Qur'an. Furthermore, his ideas on political, social and religious reforms and his visualization of progress in life are enormously enthused by Qur'anic sources. The literary parallel of Allama Iqbal's poetry can be drawn with Masnavi Maulana Rumi where Qur'anic judiciousness and sagacity play a crucial role. Allama Iqbal’s association with Qur'an remained rudimentary throughout his life. The personal realization and embodiment of Quran in Iqbal’s life while confronting the traditional interpretations of the holy book provides his poetry with a unique characterisation. Consequently, since the inception of Pakistan in 1947, this remains a popular reformation discourse that messages of Iqbal’s poetry provide a powerful foundation for the restructuring of the social structure. This article, while applying anthropological theoretical framework, aims at exploring the Iqbal’s approach to the Qur'anic intertextuality in the backdrop of contested interpretations of his poetry. It also investigates Iqbal’s conceptions of an ideal Muslim society and his propositions to overcome the socio-cultural and political predicaments.