The UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on „Women, Peace and Security‟ stresses the importance of women‟s „equal participation and full involvement in all efforts for the maintenance and promotion of peace and security, and the need to increase their role in decision making with regard to conflict prevention and resolution‟. However, the situation on the ground with respect to women‟s participation in peacebuilding efforts in many countries is still not very encouraging. This paper highlights the unequal treatment of women in peacebuilding process in Pakistan in general and the Pashtun belt in particular where women have been suffered in a number of ways during the on-going conflict. The article articulates that the patriarchal Pashtun society and culture present numerous hurdles in the way of women to actively participate in the peacebuilding process and that their role in peacebuilding efforts is not recognized and appreciated.