Abstract

Islam guides the Muslims in their socio-political and religious affairs life. In the contemporary period, studies on the Muslim minorities in non-Muslim countries became an important field of inquiry. Muslims have to face unique social problems/issues in non-Muslims countries particularly in social spheres. There are debates regarding permissibility of the social relations with non-Muslim in the matters of greetings with them. According to principles of Islamic virtue and gratitude, love at heart, Islamic moral values and social and cultural needs and guidance demand that non-Muslims should also be paid greetings but there are other traditions that discourage to make friendship with non-Muslim (wilayah). Similarly, the inquiring after health of non-Muslims, in case of their death, participation in funerals, showing commensuration and prayers to grieved family are central in a social setting. Thus, there are divergent opinions regarding the legality of these issues. Muslim jurists of the subcontinent have established distinctive opinions regarding the social relations with non-Muslims. This paper examines the sub-continental scholarship regarding these social issues, particularly when Muslims are residing in a non-Muslim country as a minority.